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FAQ's and Resources

What is BPH? Is it a disease?

BPH is benign prostate hyperplasia and is a non-infectious medical condition. It is also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy or as nodular hyperplasia of the prostate.

In BPH, the prostate gland begins to expand abnormally, hence, the name, hyperplasia. In turn, it presses onto the urethra. When this happens, the patient has difficulty in passing urine as the passage is much narrower. This condition can escalate into further complications if left untreated.

Click here to find out more about BPH.

What is the prostrate gland and what does it do?

The prostate gland makes some of the milky fluid known as semen that carries sperm. It is located just below the bladder. The prostate wraps around a tube called urethra, which carries urine out from the bladder through the tip of the penis.

Click here to view the anatomy of the bladder

How common is BPH? Can young men get it?

BPH is more common in men over 50. More than half of the men over the age of 60 have BPH. By the age of 80, about 8 out of 10 men have it.


Is it cancerous?

As ‘benign’ suggests, it is not cancerous. It is not the same as prostate cancer. BPH is the most common non-cancerous tumor in men.

What are the symptoms of BPH?

The symptoms of BPH include:

Weak urine stream
Incomplete urination
Intermittent urine
Dribbling after urination
Frequent urinations

Click here to read about the symptoms of BPH.

What is BPH caused by?

The actual cause is not known. However researchers found that BPH occurs with greater frequency with increasing age. It could also be partly due to hormonal changes as men get older.

What are the treatment options available for BPH?

Effective treatments are available for BPH. These include surgical and non-surgical treatments like medication. Click here to read more.

Is watchful waiting safe?

This option is usually reserved for men with mild symptoms of BPH and have no complications. To be on the safe side, you are advised to see a doctor to assess your condition before deciding on the appropriate treatment option to adopt.

What happens if BPH is left untreated?

A common consequence of BPH is the contraction of urinary tract infections (UTI). UTI can happen when the bladder is not completely emptied, as bacteria will grow in the urine that is left behind. In certain cases, the prostate gland may also be infected.
If left further untreated, BPH can also cause severe damage to the urinary system in which the muscles of the bladder may thicken and eventually lose their ability to function properly. These complications can be prevented with proper treatment.

How will BPH affect my lifestyle? Will BPH interfere with my sexual functioning?

Constant bathroom trips will be the bane of BPH patients. A persistent feeling of incomplete emptying of bladder also hampers the quality of life. Click here to see the symptoms of BPH. BPH generally does not interfere with patient’s sexual functioning.

I feel uncomfortable about talking with my doctor about my prostate health. What should I do?

If you are uncomfortable with your family doctor and like to see another doctor, here is a list of doctors specializing in men’s health.